Mount Everest is a place of wonder and mystery. It is the highest mountain in the world. Mount Everest is an adventure that beckons adventure-loving trekkers and climbers from around the world.
Thousands of people flock to Nepal and Tibet to visit Mount Everest every year. Everest promises a bunch of thrilling and remarkable challenges to the visitors. Everest is accessible to people of all races, age groups, and any nationality.
Everest region is utterly beautiful. Mount Everest is a combo of dramatic Everest massif and thrilling trails. The moments at Everest are the moments of a lifetime. They will certainly stay with you forever.
The Tibetan name of Mt. Everest is Chomolungma. It means “Goddess Mother of the World” or “Goddess of the Valley.” Mt. Everest is popular as Sagarmatha in Nepal. This is a Sanskrit name meaning “Peak of Heaven.”
The world’s highest peak got its most popular name Everest in 1865. This is the official English name given by the Royal Geographical Society. Sir Andrew Waugh recommended the name ‘Everest’. The name comes after the British Surveyor General of India, Sir George Everest.
The official height of Mount Everest is 8848 meters from sea level. But due to environmental issues including global warming, the height is decreasing day by day.
According to a survey conducted in 2005, the height of Everest was officially recorded to be 8844.43 meters above sea level.
The world’s highest peak Mt. Everest straddles between the border of Nepal and Tibet. It makes one of the Himalayas of the Mahalangur range in Asia. Both the countries, Nepal and Tibet share the summit of Everest.
Mount Everest lies in the Sagarmatha National Park in the Solukhumbu District of Nepal. Whereas on the Tibetan side, Mount Everest is in Tingri County in the Xigaze area.
The Nepali side of Everest is most accessible to trekkers and climbers. By saying trekking to Everest Base Camp, most of the trekkers mean the southern base camp in Nepal.
Not actually! Mount Everest is a mountain. There is no lava source within the Mahalangur range. And, there are no records of volcanic eruptions in the Himalayas. So, Mount Everest is a mountain, not a volcano.
Mount Everest is too cold for plants to grow or live. Also, because of the thin air, there are no animals that can survive there. But there are alpine vegetation and unique wildlife living around the base camp.
The forests of pine and hemlock trees around the base of Everest are habitats of many wildlife. Some of them are Snow leopard, Musk Deer, Pikas, and Himalayan Thars.
There are two base camps on Mount Everest, in Nepal and in Tibet. The South Everest Base Camp is in Nepal and the North Everest Base Camp is in Tibet.
Everest Base Camp in Nepal and Tibet are very different. Everything is different!, the location, altitude, transportation, accommodation, food, and views.
In Nepal, the Everest Base Camp is at an altitude of 5364 meters from sea level. The Everest Base Camp on the Tibetan side is at a slightly lower altitude of 5200 meters from sea level.
You can drive to the Tibetan Everest Base Camp. Going to Everest Base Camp in Nepal is possible either by trekking or by flying in a helicopter.
From the Everest Base Camp in Tibet, travelers can see the north face of Everest. From the Everest base camp in Nepal, they’ll see the south face of Everest.
Trekking to the base camp of Mt. Everest has been on a bucket list of lots of passionate trekkers from around the world. Standing at the base camp of gigantic Mt. Everest is an incredible feeling.
Imagine! You are standing at the base of the world’s highest peak. The mesmerizing views of the white snow giants so close and clear. The Everest base camp trek is a wonderful journey of adventure, thrill, and enchanting beauty.
The Everest Base Camp trek is one of the most popular treks in the world. Walking over the fearful glaciers, viewing the huge snow giants! Trekking to the Everest Base Camp is a wonderful feeling.
When people say EBC trek in Nepal, they mean trekking to the south base camp of EBC. The Everest Base Camp trekking is equally popular in Nepal as in Tibet.
The Everest Base trail in Nepal is full of picturesque views of admirable Himalayas. You’ll pass through the pristine valleys and cheerful Sherpa villages. You will walk up and down over the rugged Himalayan trail. En route, you’ll see the wide variation in topology and climate.
The Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is a natural UNESCO World Heritage site. The Everest Base Camp trail passes through the national park. You can admire the beautiful and rare species of plants, animals, and birds. Everest Base Camp trek gives you thrills and memories that will last a lifetime.
The viewpoint at Kala Patthar is the best viewpoint of Everest. From Kala Patthar, one can get a 360-degree panorama of Mt. Everest. The breathtaking panorama of the entire Everest range from there is popular. Also, you can see the enticing views of the Khumbu glacier and icefall from there. The Everest View Hotel and the Tengboche Monastery are also points of highlight.
Everest Base Camp is the main destination of most travelers in Tibet. The northward base camp of Everest in Tibet offers a mesmerizing view of Mt. Everest.
The Tibetan side of Everest is never short of visitors. The EBC trek in Tibet is famous for its impressive valleys and the lofty mountains. The highland glaciers, towering peaks, and rare wildlife species are the attractions of the trek.
The Tibetan base camp of Mt. Everest has lots of things to offer to the trekkers and travelers. The Everest base camp trek in Tibet is challenging and impressive. It has many areas to visit with special geography.
Climbing to the summit of Everest is not everyone’s cup of tea. Yet, one can accomplish the treks to the base camp with proper plans, schedules, and gears. This trek is a chance for ordinary trekkers to push themselves towards a daunting adventure.
During this trek, trekkers can visit Potala and Norbulingka Palaces. There are several other Tibetan landmarks to visit. On the way, you can make a visit to the amazing Tashilhunpo Monastery, Kumbum Stupa, and the Phalkot Monastery.
This trek is a showcase of Tibetan history and culture. The sweeping views of the dramatic Everest are enchanting. The Everest base camp trek in Tibet is a surreal experience.
The Everest Base Camp trek from Jiri follows the footsteps of the first successful climbers of Everest. Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary in 1993 took this trail towards Everest. This trek is a classic trek route to the lap of the world's highest peak, Mt. Everest.
This trek is a perfect trek for those people who want to avoid the Kathmandu- Lukla flight. This trek helps the trekkers to acclimatize well. The classic Everest base camp trek from Jiri passes through the varying landscapes and amusing villages. You can witness diverse ethnicity, traditions, and culture en route.
The terraced fields, alpine jungles, and glacial streams are the major attractions of the trek. The trek route passes through some of the high passes. You have to walk over Deurali Pass 2705m, Lamjura-La Pass 3530m, and Thaksindo La Pass 3071m.
The trekking trail rewards the trekkers with amazing views of the majestic Himalayas. The views of Mt. Everest 8848m, Cho Oyo 8201m, Lhotse 8516m, Makalu 8481m, Ama Dablam 6856m, Thamserku 6623m are spectacular.
Everest Base Camp is the base of a mountaineer’s ascent to Mt. Everest. The weather pattern at the Everest camp is unpredictable. There are four seasons at Everest. The change in seasons, movements of ice, and harsh wind flows are something you must know during your trek.
In Everest, an incredible range of temperature prevails in a single day. Nights at Everest are much cooler than the days. You’ll never know exactly what weather and temperature do a single day brings. Weather can change anytime during any season.
We somehow predict the weather and temperature based on our trekking experiences. The weather differs with months and seasons. Prepare yourself for unpleasant situations at the Everest Base Camp.
Before going to the base camp of Everest, make sure you are well equipped. Pack all the essentials.
Spring is one of the best times to visit the Everest base camp. Spring has suitable weather and climatic conditions. There are the least chances of rainfall and bad weather in Spring. The skies are blue and clear. You can also see various flowers blooming in the lower altitude during Spring.
The daytime temperature in March averages around 12 degrees. In April, it can reach 15-16 degrees. May is the hottest Spring month. The daytime temperature in May reaches up to 20 degrees.
The nighttime temperatures can go below zero degrees sometimes. But it isn’t alarmingly low. The lowest nighttime temperature in March is -8 degrees. In April, the nights are warmer with the least temperature of -5 degrees. The lowest nighttime temperature in May is -3 degrees.
Summer is the less preferred time for trekking to the Everest Base Camp. The region below 3500 meters is very hot during the days. Also, the region receives lots of rainfall in the monsoon. The trekking trails get slippery and wet.
The region above 4000 meters remains quite dry. The blurry atmosphere and dark clouds block the spectacular views of the Himalayas.
The largest daytime temperature at EBC in June is 20-degree Celsius. In July, it is In August, the daytime decreases. The highest daytime temperature in August is 15 degrees.
The nighttime in June ranges between 6 to 8 degrees. The nighttime temperature in July remains more like in June. In August, the temperatures in night vary between 5 to 7 degrees.
Autumn is the most popular time for Everest base camp trekking. The Everest region gets crowded in Autumn. Autumn means the seasons of crystal clear skies. Autumn enhances the most alluring views of the distant Himalayas. The snowy peaks look incredible from every angle in Autumn.
The temperatures in Autumn are most pleasing. In September, the daytime temperature can range between 8 to 15 degrees. In October, the daytime temperature can vary between 13 degrees max to 3 degrees min. November is the coldest month in Autumn. The temperature at the base camp ranges between 1 to 7 degrees during the daytime.
At nights, the temperature in September can vary between -1 to 7 degrees. Nights in October are colder than in September. Temperature can vary between -7 to 3 degrees. In November, it ranges between -7 to -10 degrees.
Winter is the coldest season at the Everest base camp. Winter is a severely cold and challenging time for the trekkers. During the EBC treks in winter, you might encounter occasional snowfalls at the base camp.
The average daytime temperature at the base camp is 8-degree centigrade. The daytime temperatures in all the winter months are similar. All the months are equally cold.
The temperature at night drops down drastically in winter. The nighttime temperature averages around -7 degrees. But the temperature can go to the lowest of -15 degrees. This is similar for all the winter months.
Trekkers must plan properly and bring appropriate trekking gear for every season. You'll feel that challenges are wonderful adventures once you dare to win them.
What you pack for your Everest base camp trek is something that determines the difficulty level of your trek. For the Everest base camp trek, you must always be well equipped before you go.
Here is the list of packaging lists that can be useful for your Everest Base Camp Trek:
Sunglasses with UV protection
T-shirts or Shirts ( both half sleeves and long sleeves)
Lightweight thermal tops
Down Jacket for nights
A Windstopper jacket or a pullover
Waterproof ( breathable fabric) shell jacket
Down vest and/or jacket *
Gore-Tex jacket with hood, waterproof and breathable
1 pair of lightweight poly-liner gloves.
1 pair of lightweight wool or fleece gloves
Non-cotton breathable fabric underwear
A pair of Hiking trousers and shorts
Lightweight thermal underwear(seasonal)
A pair of fleece or woolen trousers ( waterproof for monsoon)
3 to 4 pairs of inner socks
A pair of comfortable hiking boots
1 pair of Sandals
Gaiters for winter only
A personal First-aid kit box
Medicines for diarrhea, cough, headache, and cold
Diamox or Acetazolamide for altitude sickness. (Do not bring sleeping pills. They encourage altitude sickness.)
Water purification tablets or the water filter
Wipes and toilet papers
Hand wash and sanitizer gels
Soaps and Shampoos
A medium-sized quick-drying towel
Face and body moisturizer with high SPF
Toothbrush and a toothpaste
A good quality sleeping bag
1 large duffel bag for luggage, small padlocks for duffle bags.
Daypack or backpack
Large waterproof rucksack covers for your bags
Trekking to the Everest base camp isn’t so easy. You must train your body and mind before you go on the actual trek. Your training must start a few months before you go on your EBC trek.
Dedicated strength training can be very helpful during your Everest base camp trek. Trekking into the rugged landscapes and remote trails is difficult. Your legs must be ready to walk over any sort of obstacle.
The strength training should focus on building your leg muscles, shoulders, back and abdomen. Practice strength training routines like pull ups, sit ups and crunches. Start your strength training a few months before your Everest base camp trek.
Cardio workouts like swimming, jogging, walking, and cycling help your body train to adjust with less oxygen. EBC trek is a high-altitude trek. The air gets thinner as you go higher on the trek. Practicing aerobic exercises will help you cope with the thin air while trekking.
Practice simple workouts 2 to 3 times a week. You can practice these exercises at home or at gyms. Stair training, hiking up and down the hills is more beneficial. Practice the training starting a few months before your actual trek for best outputs.
Get out hiking up and down the hills when you have time. This is the best training for your Everest base camp trek. Also, you can practice long walks. You will have to walk for 5 to 6 hours a day on average during your EBC trek.
Push yourself through the discomforts. Build your endurance. A strong mentality is a must during the long and difficult treks. After doing a few hikes, you’ll have ideas on your body and its comfort levels.
Everest base camp is the most popular trekking destination in Nepal. A large number of trekkers visit Nepal to trek to the Everest Base Camp.
There are several alternative routes to the base camp of Everest. Some of the popular Everest base camp trek packages are:
You must do travel insurance before you go on your Everest Base Camp trek. But before you do, always keep in mind, “Will your Travel Insurance cover you?”
Everest Base is a high-altitude trek. There are lots of travel insurance companies that won’t cover you for trekking at such a high altitude. So, before doing the insurance, make sure you get cover for any altitude on the Everest base camp trek.
Get the best possible insurance that includes Helicopter rescue charges. The helicopter rescue costs USD $6000. You might get some accidental injuries or some medical problems while trekking. In such cases, you'll need an emergency helicopter or air ambulance rescue.
Choose a registered and good-quality trekking company in Nepal to trek with. (Contact Us) Register your insurance with them. Submit a copy of your Insurance Certificate and give them emergency telephone numbers.
By doing so, your guides will know whom to contact if you get in any sort of trouble while trekking. Your travel company will not dispatch an emergency rescue unless they are sure about receiving their payment for the rescue.
Go alone or go with a guide, there are no restrictions on trekking to the Everest Base camp in Nepal independently.
Trekking to the Everest base camp is a challenging task for an independent trekker. You must carry a map, a compass, and proper trekking gear for trekking alone.
Independent trek to EBC may lead you towards lots of uncertainties. Peak season is busy. Most of the tea houses are already occupied. If you’re going in peak seasons, you’ll definitely have problems in finding places for accommodation and food. Even if you get a room, you might have to share rooms with other trekkers.
Another thing that a solo trekker must be aware of is altitude sickness and other accidental injuries. While trekking alone, you will have no one to help if accidents happen. Thus, we always suggest you trek with a guide.
Trekking with a guide is always helpful over solo trekking. Trekking with a guide means 90% of your problems and uncertainties are already solved. You will have someone to talk with. The guide will always take care of you. S/he will make sure that you will not lose track and you will not get injured.
Booking for the Everest base camp is mandatory. Especially when you are trekking in the peak seasons (Autumn and Spring). During these seasons, there will be a huge inrush of trekkers in the Everest region. So, you must book early for the flight (Kathmandu- Lukla).
Also, you must book early for food and accommodation. There are a limited number of teahouses on the trekking trail to EBC. You must not worry about booking for accommodation and food if you are thinking of camp trekking.
We organize the Everest region treks throughout the year. If you need to book any treks, you can book with us. Contact Us.
If you are willing to trek to the Everest base camp from Jiri, you will need a TIMS card. The cost of the TIMS card is different for an individual and a group trekker. For an independent trekker, it costs Rs. 2000 per person. For trekkers in groups, the cost is Rs. 1000 per person.
(You will not need a TIMS card if you are flying from Kathmandu to Lukla and start trekking at Lukla.)
Entering the Sagarmatha national park requires a permit. You will trek into the protected area of the national park during the Everest base camp trek. Thus, you must get this permit before you enter the national park.
This permit costs Rs. 3000 per person along with an additional 13% tax on the amount. You can get this permit at the Office of Tourism Board in Kathmandu. You can also get the permit at Monjo village in the Everest region.
This permit is necessary if you are trekking on the classic trek to Everest Base Camp via Jiri. Some part of the trek route goes inside the boundary of the Gaurishankar conservation area.
The cost of this permit is variable. It depends on where you get the permit from. Obtaining the permit at the office of the Tourism Board in Kathmandu will cost you Rs 2000 per person. If you get the permit at Shivalaya, the price is double i.e Rs 4000 per person.
The costs for trekking to the Everest base camp in Nepal range between USD $1000 to USD $3000. This is the cost for an average trek of 10 to 21 days. This cost includes the cost of trek permits, TIMS card, Porter cost, Guide cost, Accommodation, Food, and Drinks, and round-trip flight from Kathmandu - Lukla.
This cost, in general, does not include your visa fees, travel insurance, trekking equipment costs, and other expenses.
If we compare climbing Everest and trekking to the base camp, trekking to Mount Everest Base Camp is a safer thing to do. It is safer but it isn’t a completely safe and easy thing to do. Trekking to the base camp of Everest is a challenge in itself.
During the EBC trek, Trekkers must be cautious about proper acclimatization. Also, the weather and climate at the base camp is a factor to determine how tough it is to reach the base camp.
The south base camp of Nepal, 5364m is the one that is mostly sorted out by the trekkers. Trekking to the base camp is a difficult task. It demands a certain level of physical fitness. Also, one must be mentally ready to see any difficulties that might come along the way.
Because of its location and altitude, Everest Base Camp Trekkers might have to face a certain level of risks. Do not take lightly the difficult factors like altitude sickness. It is something that can even be fatal if not cured in time.
Make sure you read about altitude sickness, its symptoms, and precautions. One must descend down to a lower altitude as soon as they see any signs of the sickness.
With proper plans and precautions, trekking to the Base Camp of Everest is absolutely safe.
Traditionally, there are two distinct seasons that are popular for trekking to the Everest base camp. They are pre-monsoon (March to May) and post-monsoon (September to November).
Generally, these are the most preferred times to visit the base camp of Everest. But the best time depends on the challenges and experiences that you’ve been looking for.
Autumn is the post-monsoon period in Everest. The atmosphere becomes clean and green after the monsoon rain ends. During the months of September, October, and November (Autumn season) you can get better views of the mountains. The temperature at the base camp will be mild. The weather will be clear with cloud-free and clear views of the snowy peaks.
Spring is the most popular trekking season after autumn. The months of March, April, and May experience pre-monsoon weather. The temperatures at the base camp are warmer than that of the winter months. The most special thing about trekking in Spring is walking through the colorful forests. The Rhododendron and other wildflower blossoms on the trail are very attractive.
If you prefer fewer people on the trail, you will love the treks in the monsoon and winter seasons. But trekking in these seasons requires lots of preparations and appropriate trekking gear. Also, you must have a strong physique and mentality.
Monsoon is an off-season to trek to the Everest Base Camp. The lower elevation region receives heavy rainfalls during the monsoon. Also, the precipitation is higher at higher elevations. The trekking trail becomes wet and slippery. Trekking will be more tough and demanding.
Trekking to Everest Base Camp in winter is harder. Everest region is very cold in winter, especially in the higher regions. Most of the trekking trails at high passes and ridges dip inside the piles of snow.
Trekking in winter requires lots of warm clothing. Also, you must spare more time for cases of delays due to challenging weather.
Mount Everest movie is a biographical movie based on the 1996 Mount Everest disaster. The disaster occurred on 10-11 May 1996. Eight people who got caught in a hazardous blizzard died on Everest. They were on their attempts to descend the summit.
Mount Everest is a desirable peak for passionate mountaineers all around the world. Climbing Mount Everest requires tons of courage. Since the first successful ascent by Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary, Climbing Mount Everest has been on the bucket list of daring climbers.
For Everest climbing, there are two main routes. They are the Southeast route from Nepal and the Northeast route from Tibet. The climbers consider that the southeast route is a safer route and has easier access to the summit.
This is the reason why most climbers prefer the southeast route. The climb from the southeast ridge begins with Everest Base Camp 5380 m in Nepal.
The mountain permits begin at $10,000 per person in Nepal. In Tibet, it is slightly cheaper, $800 per person.
Climbing Mount Everest isn’t a matter of a day. The climb begins after one gets to the base camp of Everest. While climbing Everest, it is also necessary to acclimatize with the air, weather, and temperature conditions at the base camp.
Standing at the pinnacle of the world isn’t everyone’s cup of tea. Climbing Mount Everest takes a long duration, around 2 months in general.
There are lots of things that you must take into account before attempting the climb. Most of all, you must know about what is the best time for climbing Mount Everest.
Climbing Everest is possible both in Spring and in Autumn. According to the climbers, Spring is the most desirable time for the Everest Summit Dream.
With the arrival of Spring, the temperature at various Everest Climbing regions shifts from cold to hot temperatures. This makes climbing more convenient.
The climbing period between April and May is the best time. Start the climb at the beginning of April. The climb ends at the beginning of June. This is the best recommended time for Spring Everest Expedition.
Some days in autumn are also suitable for the climb. Begin the climb at the end of August. The climb ends at the end of October.
During this time, the temperature at the expedition area changes from hot to cold. The climber might thus face some critical situations before approaching the top. Also, the days are shorter and cooler during this time.
The climate of Mount Everest is extreme. The temperature at Everest is always below the freezing temperature.
January is the coldest month in Everest. The summit temperature in January averages about -36° C. The temperature can go down to -60° C.
July is the warmest month in Everest. The average summit temperature in July is -19° C.
Around 800 people climb Mount Everest every year. But this number is getting bigger every year. More than 4,000 people have stepped on its summit since 1953. (the first time Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay conquered the peak)
At the peak of Everest, the oxygen content in the air is one-third of the oxygen content at sea level. Thus, breathing at the summit without supplemental oxygen is almost impossible.
But there’s a record that Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler climbed to the summit of Everest without the use of supplemental oxygen on 8 May 1978.
Though the Everest base camp trek is a difficult and challenging trek, deaths in the EBC trek are very few. As compared to summiting or attempting the climb, the Everest base camp trek is very safe.
The EBC trek is at risk because of its location and altitude. The number of deaths occurring during EBC treks is not official. We estimate 3 to 15 people die every year on EBC treks. This makes a death rate of about 0.03% among 30,000 annual trekkers on the EBC route.